Brautigan > Machines of Loving Grace

This node of the American Dust website (formerly Brautigan Bibliography and Archive) provides comprehensive information about Richard Brautigan's poetry collection All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Published in 1967, this collection of thirty-two poems was Brautigan's fifth published poetry book. Publication and background information is provided, along with reviews, many with full text. Use the menu tabs below to learn more.

Publication

Publication information regarding Richard Brautigan's poetry collection All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace.

First USA Edition

1967
San Francisco, California: The Communication Company
Limited Edition of 1,500 copies, all for free distribution
8.75" x 7"; 36 pages; First Printing April 1967
Yellow printed wrappers; Stapled

Covers

Front cover photograph by Bill Brach of Brautigan looking through a basement window of his Geary Street apartment. Brautigan wrote about Brach (misspelling his name as "Brock") on the copyright page (see below).

Reported Variants

Copies with duplicate pages or pages inserted upside down are reported. As are copies with printed cover art, but no printed text on front or back covers. Copies with sewn rather than stapled bindings are also reported.

Copyright Statement

© Copyright 1967 by Richard Brautigan

Permission is granted to reprint
any of these poems in magazines,
books and newspapers if they are
given away free.

Bill Brock lived with us for a while
on Pine Street. He took the photograph
in the basement. It was a beautiful
day in San Francisco.

Some of these poems first appeared in
Hollow Orange, Totem, O'er, and Beatitude.
Five poems were published as broadsides
by the Communication Company.

Printed in San Francisco
by the Communication Company

Publication Statement

This book is printed in an edition of 1,500
copies by the Communiation Company. None
of the copies are for sale. They are all free.

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Background

All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace, first published in April 1967, collected thirty-two recent poems by Richard Brautigan. This was Brautigan's third collection of poetry, his fifth published poetry book. Brautigan typed each poem, including all those previously published as broadsides by the Communication Company, hand lettered the title for each, and signed his name on the printed title page. All the poems from this book were collected and reprinted in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster.

Printing History

All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace was first published in April 1967. 1,500 copies were printed and given away free. The book was reportedly printed at the San Francisco Chronicle during a strike when a group of writers and artists took over the untended equipment and printed five broadsides and this book (Alastair Johnston 82). However, this directly disagrees with the publication statement noted above, and a statement from Claude Hayward, co-founder of The Communication Company, below.

Feedback from Claude Hayward

All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace happened entirely at CommCo HQ at Church & Duboce Streets. We had been given a folding machine and a stapler by that time, and the whole edition used no more than three cases of paper. The book we couldn't print, and which was printed elsewhere, was Please Plant This Book.
— Claude Hayward. Email to John F. Barber, 24 February 2004.

Hayward reported this book as one of the most complex projects the Communication Company produced. He said, "We were able to print legal-size paper on the Gestetner, so it was printed in an edition of five-hundred copies on legal size paper, and then fold in half and stapled. The cover is printed on what looks like yellow construction paper and has a monochrome photograph of [Brautigan] looking through a window. We didn't print Please Plant this Book for Richard because we couldn't figure out how to get the seed packets that are part of it through our machine" (Notes From A Revolution: Com/co, the Diggers & the Haight. Foggy Notion Books, 2012, p. 45).

See also
The Communication Company bibliographic record at the Digger Archives website

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Contents

Unless noted, the thirty-two poems collected in All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace were first published in this volume. The poems in order of their appearance. All were collected and reprinted in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster.

The Beautiful Poem

I go to bed in Los Angeles thinking
     about you.

Pissing a few moments ago
I looked down at my penis
     affectionately.

Knowing it has been inside
you twice today makes me
     feel beautiful.

               3 A.M.
               January 15, 1967

Background
Written during Brautigan's poet-in-residency at the California Institute of Technology, in Pasadena, California, 17-26 January 1967. Brautigan and Andrew Hoyem drove from San Francisco to Los Angeles on Sunday, 15 January 1967 in order to spend the following ten days at Cal Tech. Arriving at night, they were housed in the guest suite at Ricketts House on the Cal Tech campus where they enjoyed a late night party. As he recounts, at three in the morning, Brautigan remembered his passionate morning with then girlfriend Michaela Blake-Grand.

First Published
The Communication Company, April 1967
Mimeographed letter-sized (8.5" x 11") broadside.
Illustration of a woman in right margin with caption "Drawing by Seurat."
Georges Seurat (1891-1959) was a neo-impressionist painter.
Imprint: Gestetnered by The Communication Company UPS. Reference is to Gestetner mimeograph machines used to print these and other Communication Company publications.

December 24

She's mending the rain with her hair.
She's turning the darkness on.
     Glue / switch!
That's all I have to report.

Background
Retitled "November 24" in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster table of contents, although the poem itself retains the original title.

Selected Reprints
Four Poems. Synaesthesia Press: Tempe, Arizona, 2000.
Limited Edition; 26 lettered copies; First printing Spring 2000
4.75" x 6.25"
Typeset (Souvenir typeface) and hand-printed on Somerset text by Jim Camp
Printed wrappers on Rives BFK paper; Handsewn binding
Given away to friends of the press
The remainders were marked "out of series" and sent to Ianthe Brautigan.

Reprinted four Brautigan poems from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace
"November 3"
"December 24"
"December 30"
"At the California Institute of Technology"

San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 49, December 24, 1968: 8-9.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press.

Included eleven poems by Brautigan: "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "The Day they Busted the Grateful Dead," "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace," "Discovery," "At the California Institute of Technology," "Boo, Forever," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Flowerburgers Part 4," "A Baseball Game Part 7," "December 24," and "The Garlic Meat Lady."

The Thunder City Press Broadside Series, No. 5 Richard Brautigan 8 Poems. Thunder City Press, February 1976.
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured eight poems by Brautigan: "December 24," "Milk for the Duck," "Star Hole," "Love Poem," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Hollywood," "All Watched Over by Machine of Loving Grace," and "Nine Things"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Publisher's note provided context
"THE THUNDER CITY PRESS BROADSIDE SERIES is published six times a year by Steven Ford Brown. Subscriptions are $1.00 per year. For information write 2008 Magnolia Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35205. Published in a special editon of 500 February 1976. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free.

As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now forty-one years old and the author of such books as TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA, THE ABORTION, THE HAWKLINE MONSTER and his most recent WILLARD AND HIS BOWLING TROPHIES. This edition of the Broadside Series presents selections from ALL WATCHED OVER BY MACHINES OF LOVING GRACE which is currently out of print. I obtained a copy of the book thru [sic] Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department."

Milk for the Duck

ZAP!
unlaid / for 20 days

my sexual image
isn't worth a shit.

If I were dead
I couldn't attract
a female fly.

Selected Reprints
The Thunder City Press Broadside Series, No. 5 Richard Brautigan 8 Poems. Thunder City Press, February 1976.
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured eight poems by Brautigan: "December 24," "Milk for the Duck," "Star Hole," "Love Poem," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Hollywood," "All Watched Over by Machine of Loving Grace," and "Nine Things"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Publisher's note provided context
"THE THUNDER CITY PRESS BROADSIDE SERIES is published six times a year by Steven Ford Brown. Subscriptions are $1.00 per year. For information write 2008 Magnolia Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35205. Published in a special editon of 500 February 1976. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free.

As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now forty-one years old and the author of such books as TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA, THE ABORTION, THE HAWKLINE MONSTER and his most recent WILLARD AND HIS BOWLING TROPHIES. This edition of the Broadside Series presents selections from ALL WATCHED OVER BY MACHINES OF LOVING GRACE which is currently out of print. I obtained a copy of the book thru [sic] Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department."

November 3

I'm sitting in a cafe,
drinking a Coke.

A fly is sleeping
on a paper napkin.

I have to wake him up,
so I can wipe my glasses.

There's a pretty girl I want to look at.

First Published
O'er, no. 2, December 1966, pp. 107-109.
8.5" x 11" mimeographed sheets of different colored construction paper; 128 pages; staple binding
Published in San Francisco, California, by Cranium Press.
Edited by David Sandberg.
Called variously Awwr, O'er, and Oar at different points of this issue. First issue appeared April 1966 and was titled or #1.

Featured three poems by Brautigan: "The House," "My Nose is Growing Old," and "November 3." Each poem appeared on a separate page. "My Nose is Growing Old" and "November 3" were collected in All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. The poem "The House" was not included in any collection. In addition to Brautigan's poems, this issue also featured a full-page advertisement for The Galilee Hitch-Hiker to be published by Oar, complete with made up blurbs promoting the book. Also included contributions by Jack Spicer, Lew Welch, Anselm Hollo, John Sinclair, Clark Coolidge, and others.

Selected Reprints
Four Poems. Synaesthesia Press: Tempe, Arizona, 2000.
Limited Edition; 26 lettered copies; First printing Spring 2000
4.75" x 6.25"
Typeset (Souvenir typeface) and hand-printed on Somerset text by Jim Camp
Printed wrappers on Rives BFK paper; Handsewn binding
Given away to friends of the press
The remainders were marked "out of series" and sent to Ianthe Brautigan.

Reprinted four Brautigan poems from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace
"November 3"
"December 24"
"December 30"
"At the California Institute of Technology"

Shake the Kaleidoscope: A New Anthology of Modern Poetry. Ed. Milton Klonsky. Simon & Schuster, 1973, pp. 274-276.
Included six poems by Brautigan: "To England," "November 3," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Mating Saliva," "Romeo and Juliet," and "As the Bruises Fade, the Lightning Aches."

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Flowers for Those You Love

Butcher, baker, candlestick maker,
anybody can get VD,
including those you love.

Please see a doctor
if you think you've got it.

You'll feel better afterwards
and so will those you love.

First Published
The Communication Company, April 1967.
8.5" x 11" mimeographed broadside. Title in block letters, printed in a flowing fashion. All else in typeset.
Imprint: "printed by the Communication Company UPS."
An illustration of a stem of roses printed in lower right corner.
Information about this poem at the Digger Archives website

Background
This poem is about veneral disease, urging anyone who thinks they have it so see a doctor. Inspiration for the poem may have come from Brautigan's possible treatment from Dr. Alex L. Finkle, a San Francisco urologist, for veneral disease in December 1964, while living with Janice Meissner at 533 Divisadero Street. Published as a broadside it is typical of the efforts of the Communication Company to inform the Haight-Ashbury community.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

San Francisco

     This poem was found written on a paper bag by Richard Brautigan in a laundromat in San Francisco. The author is unknown.

By accident, you put
Your money in my
Machine (#4)
By accident, I put
My money in another
Machine (#6)
On purpose, I put
Your clothes in the
Empty machine full
Of water and no
Clothes

It was lonely.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Star Hole

I sit here
on the perfect end
of a star,

watching light
pour itself toward
     me.

The light pours
itself through
a small hole
in the sky.

I'm not very happy,
but I can see
how things are
     faraway.

Selected Reprints
The Thunder City Press Broadside Series, No. 5 Richard Brautigan 8 Poems. Thunder City Press, February 1976.
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured eight poems by Brautigan: "December 24," "Milk for the Duck," "Star Hole," "Love Poem," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Hollywood," "All Watched Over by Machine of Loving Grace," and "Nine Things"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Publisher's note provided context
"THE THUNDER CITY PRESS BROADSIDE SERIES is published six times a year by Steven Ford Brown. Subscriptions are $1.00 per year. For information write 2008 Magnolia Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35205. Published in a special editon of 500 February 1976. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free.

As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now forty-one years old and the author of such books as TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA, THE ABORTION, THE HAWKLINE MONSTER and his most recent WILLARD AND HIS BOWLING TROPHIES. This edition of the Broadside Series presents selections from ALL WATCHED OVER BY MACHINES OF LOVING GRACE which is currently out of print. I obtained a copy of the book thru [sic] Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department."

Love Poem

     It's so nice
to wake up in the morning
     all alone
and not have to tell somebody
     you love them
when you don't love them
     any more.

First Published
The Communication Company, 1967.
8.5" x 11" mimeographed broadside; Typeset; Title enclosed in a heart-shaped drawing.
Imprint: Communication Company.

Reported Variants
Variants reported include a black version, a lavender version, and one with no Communication Company logo.

Selected Reprints
The Thunder City Press Broadside Series, No. 5 Richard Brautigan 8 Poems. Thunder City Press, February 1976.
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured eight poems by Brautigan: "December 24," "Milk for the Duck," "Star Hole," "Love Poem," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Hollywood," "All Watched Over by Machine of Loving Grace," and "Nine Things"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Publisher's note provided context
"THE THUNDER CITY PRESS BROADSIDE SERIES is published six times a year by Steven Ford Brown. Subscriptions are $1.00 per year. For information write 2008 Magnolia Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35205. Published in a special editon of 500 February 1976. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free.

As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now forty-one years old and the author of such books as TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA, THE ABORTION, THE HAWKLINE MONSTER and his most recent WILLARD AND HIS BOWLING TROPHIES. This edition of the Broadside Series presents selections from ALL WATCHED OVER BY MACHINES OF LOVING GRACE which is currently out of print. I obtained a copy of the book thru [sic] Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department."

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
Brautigan's poem read by Bob Prescot, Valerie Estes, Michael McClure, Margot Patterson Doss, Bruce Conner, Michaela Blake-Grand, Donald Merriam Allen/David Schaff, Ianthe Brautigan, Imogen Cunningham, Herb Caen, Betty Kirkendall, Peter Berg, Alan Stone, Antonio, Donald Merriam Allen, Cynthia Harwood, and Price Dunn.
LISTEN to Brautigan's friends read this poem.

I Lie Here in a Strange Girl's Apartment

For Marcia

I lie here in a strange girl's apartment.
She has poison oak, a bad sunburn
     and is unhappy.
She moves about the place
like distant gestures of solemn glass.

She opens and closes things.
She turns the water on,
and she turns the water off.

All the sounds she makes are faraway.
They could be in a different city.
It is dusk and people are staring
out the windows of that city.
Their eyes are filled with the sounds
     of what she is doing.

Background
Marcia Pacaud, "Marcia," from Montreal, Canada, appeared in the photograph on the front cover of The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster.

Selected Reprints
Aura Literary/Arts Review. Thunder City Press, 1977(?).
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured six poems by Brautigan: "I Lie Here in a Strange Girl's Apartment," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "After Halloween Slump," "Comets," "The Pomegranate Circus," and "Let's Voyage into the New American House"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. A publisher's note provides this context
"As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now 43 years old and the author of such books as Trout Fishing in America, The Abortion, The Hawkline Monster, Willard and His Bowling Trophies, and others. This edition of Aura Broadside Series presents selections from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace which is currently out of print. A copy of the book was obtained through Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department. "Mid-February Sky Dance" appeared previously in Thunder City Press Broadside. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free."

It's Raining in Love

I don't know what it is,
but I distrust myself
when I start to like a girl
     a lot.

It makes me nervous.
I don't say the right things
or perhaps I start
     to examine,
          evaluate,
               compute
     what I am saying.

If I say, "Do you think it's going to rain?"
and she says, "I don't know,"
I start thinking: Does she really like me?

In other words
I get a little creepy.

A friend of mine once said,
"It's twenty times better to be friends
     with someone
than it is to be in love with them."

I think he's right and besides,
it's raining somewhere, programming flowers
and keeping snails happy.
     That's all taken care of.

               BUT
if a girl likes me a lot
and starts getting real nervous
and suddenly begins asking me funny questions
and looks sad if I give the wrong answers
and she says things like,
"Do you think it's going to rain?"
and I say, "It beats me,"
and she says, "Oh,"
and looks a little sad
at the clear blue California sky
I think: Thank God, it's you, baby, this time
     instead of me.

First Published
Hollow Orange, no. 4 1967, n. pg.
Published at 642 Shrader Street, San Francisco, California by Cranium Press
Edited by Clifford Burke
String tied wrappers
Featured three poems by Brautigan: "Comets," "It's Raining in Love," and "Nine Things."

Also featured works by Keith Abbott, Bill Bathurst, Clifford Burke, Nick Chavin, Gino Clays, Zoltan Farkas, Max Finstein, Eugene Lesser, Martin MacClain, Jeff Sheppard (A poet friend of Brautigan to whom the poem "Hey! This Is What It's All About" was dedicated.), Ronald Silliman, David Tammer, David Sandberg, Patrick Nolan, and Steve Carey.

Selected Reprints
The American Literary Anthology. Third Annual Collection. Eds. George Plimpton and Peter Ardery. Viking, 1970, pp. 384-385.
Corrected version

The American Literary Anthology. Second Annual Collection. Eds. George Plimpton and Peter Ardery. Random House, 1969, p. 56.
Omitted last thirteen lines.

Hey! This Is What It's All About

For Jeff Sheppard

No publication
No money
No star
No fuck          

     A friend came over to the house
a few days ago and read one of my poems.
He came back today and asked to read the
same poem over again. After he finished
reading it, he said, "It makes me want
     to write poetry."

Background
Jeff Sheppard was a poet friend of Brautigan's. Their work appeared together in Hollow Orange. See the poems "Comets," "It's Raining in Love," and "Nine Things."

Our Beautiful West Coast Thing

We are a coast people
There is nothing but ocean out beyond us.
—Jack Spicer

I sit here dreaming
long thoughts of California

at the end of a November day
below a cloudy twilight
     near the Pacific

listening to the Mamas and the Papas
     THEY'RE GREAT

singing a song about breaking
somebody's heart and digging it!

I think I'll get up
and dance around the room.

     Here I go!

Textual References
"Jack Spicer": American poet (1925-1965) and Brautigan's mentor; the quotation is from the first of "Ten Poems for Downbeat," in The Collected Books of Jack Spicer. Ed. Robin Blaser. Los Angeles: Black Sparrow Press, 1975. 263.

"The Mamas and the Papas": Popular folk-rock group of the Sixties; the song is probably the exuberant "I Saw Her Again" (1966). Brautigan's first stanza may allude to their first big hit, "California Dreamin'" (1965).

Selected Reprints
A First Reader of Contemporary American Poetry. Ed. Patrick Gleason. Merrill, 1969, pp. 23-26.
Included eight poems by Brautigan: "In a Cafe," "The Wheel," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Fever Monument," "Horse Race," "Our Beautiful West Coast Thing," and "The Pomegranate Circus," and "General Custer Versus the Titanic."

Widow's Lament

It's not quite cold enough
to go borrow some firewood
from the neighbors.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

December 30

At 1:30 in the morning a fart
smells like a marriage between
an avocado and a fish head.

I have to get out of bed
to write this down without
     my glasses on.

Selected Reprints
Four Poems. Synaesthesia Press: Tempe, Arizona, 2000.
Limited Edition; 26 lettered copies; First printing Spring 2000
4.75" x 6.25"
Typeset (Souvenir typeface) and hand-printed on Somerset text by Jim Camp
Printed wrappers on Rives BFK paper; Handsewn binding
Given away to friends of the press
The remainders were marked "out of series" and sent to Ianthe Brautigan.

Reprinted four Brautigan poems from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace
"November 3"
"December 24"
"December 30"
"At the California Institute of Technology"

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Lovers

I changed her bedroom:
raised the ceiling four feet,
removed all of her things
(and the clutter of her life)
painted the walls white,
placed a fantastic calm
     in the room,
a silence that almost had a scent,
put her in a low brass bed
with white satin covers,
and I stood there in the doorway
watching her sleep, curled up,
with her face turned away
     from me.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

A Mid-February Sky Dance

Dance toward me, please, as
if you were a star
with light-years piled
on top of your hair,
     smiling,

and I will dance toward you
as if I were darkness
with bats piled like a hat
     on top of my head.

Selected Reprints
Aura Literary/Arts Review Thunder City Press, 1977(?).
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured six poems by Brautigan: "I Lie Here in a Strange Girl's Apartment," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "After Halloween Slump," "Comets," "The Pomegranate Circus," and "Let's Voyage into the New American House"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. A publisher's note provides this context
"As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now 43 years old and the author of such books as Trout Fishing in America, The Abortion, The Hawkline Monster, Willard and His Bowling Trophies, and others. This edition of Aura Broadside Series presents selections from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace which is currently out of print. A copy of the book was obtained through Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department. "Mid-February Sky Dance" appeared previously in Thunder City Press Broadside. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free."

Shake the Kaleidoscope: A New Anthology of Modern Poetry. Ed. Milton Klonsky. Simon & Schuster, 1973, pp. 274-276.
Included six poems by Brautigan: "To England," "November 3," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Mating Saliva," "Romeo and Juliet," and "As the Bruises Fade, the Lightning Aches."

The Thunder City Press Broadside Series, No. 5 Richard Brautigan 8 Poems. Thunder City Press, February 1976.
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured eight poems by Brautigan: "December 24," "Milk for the Duck," "Star Hole," "Love Poem," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Hollywood," "All Watched Over by Machine of Loving Grace," and "Nine Things"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Publisher's note provided context
"THE THUNDER CITY PRESS BROADSIDE SERIES is published six times a year by Steven Ford Brown. Subscriptions are $1.00 per year. For information write 2008 Magnolia Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35205. Published in a special editon of 500 February 1976. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free.

As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now forty-one years old and the author of such books as TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA, THE ABORTION, THE HAWKLINE MONSTER and his most recent WILLARD AND HIS BOWLING TROPHIES. This edition of the Broadside Series presents selections from ALL WATCHED OVER BY MACHINES OF LOVING GRACE which is currently out of print. I obtained a copy of the book thru [sic] Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department."

Hey, Bacon!

The moon like:
mischievous bacon
crisps its desire

          (while)

I harbor myself
toward two eggs
over easy.

Selected Reprints
Volta, no. 1, March 2000
Limited edition of approximately 150 copies; 50 laid into Volta the rest given away to friends of the press.
Published by Jim Camp, Synaesthesia Press.

The poem "Hey, Bacon!" was printed on 2" x 3.5" cardboard cut from cereal boxes, shown here actual size. The poem was printed on the blank side (inside) of the ceral box cutout. The already printed portion of the cereal box formed the reverse.

According to Camp, Volta is a direct descendent of Wallace Berman's magazine Semina, a free-form art and poetry journal that Berman published between 1955 and 1964. Each of the nine issues was printed on a handpress and then hand-assembled by Berman who glued artwork, photographs, small poems and other items inside. Sometimes the enclosed items were loose, laid in between the magazine's pages, or tucked into inside pockets without prescribed order or sequence. Each issue was extremely limited, a few hundred copies, ephemeral although focused on a loose theme, personal, and distributed mostly via the U.S. Mail to a very select group of recipients who were often the contributors as well. As a literary journal, each issue of Semina was a loosely assembled compendium of the most interesting artists and poets of the time, staking out a new cultural context for the evolving literature and art counterculture. Camp continues this tradition with his magazine, Volta. He prints and sends out each issue when it is complete. None of the issues can be bought. They simply arrive.

After Halloween Slump

My magic is down.
My spells mope around
the house like sick old dogs
with bloodshot eyes
watering cold wet noses.

My charms are in a pile
in the corner like the
dirty shirts of a summer fatman.

One of my potions died
last night in the pot.
It looks like a cracked
Egyptian tablecloth.

Selected Reprints
Aura Literary/Arts Review. Thunder City Press, 1977(?).
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured six poems by Brautigan: "I Lie Here in a Strange Girl's Apartment," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "After Halloween Slump," "Comets," "The Pomegranate Circus," and "Let's Voyage into the New American House"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. A publisher's note provides this context
"As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now 43 years old and the author of such books as Trout Fishing in America, The Abortion, The Hawkline Monster, Willard and His Bowling Trophies, and others. This edition of Aura Broadside Series presents selections from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace which is currently out of print. A copy of the book was obtained through Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department. "Mid-February Sky Dance" appeared previously in Thunder City Press Broadside. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free."

Hollywood

January 26, 1967
at 3:15 in the afternoon

Sitting here in Los Angeles
parked on a rundown residential
     back street,
staring up at the word
     HOLLYWOOD
written on some lonely mountains,
I'm listening very carefully
to rock and roll radio
     (Lovin' Spoonful)
     (Jefferson Airplane)
while people are slowly
putting out their garbage cans.

Textual References
"Lovin' Spoonful" and "Jefferson Airplane": Two popular rock groups of the time, from New York City and San Francisco, respectively.

Selected Reprints
The Thunder City Press Broadside Series, No. 5 Richard Brautigan 8 Poems. Thunder City Press, February 1976.
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured eight poems by Brautigan: "December 24," "Milk for the Duck," "Star Hole," "Love Poem," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Hollywood," "All Watched Over by Machine of Loving Grace," and "Nine Things"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Publisher's note provided context
"THE THUNDER CITY PRESS BROADSIDE SERIES is published six times a year by Steven Ford Brown. Subscriptions are $1.00 per year. For information write 2008 Magnolia Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35205. Published in a special editon of 500 February 1976. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free.

As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now forty-one years old and the author of such books as TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA, THE ABORTION, THE HAWKLINE MONSTER and his most recent WILLARD AND HIS BOWLING TROPHIES. This edition of the Broadside Series presents selections from ALL WATCHED OVER BY MACHINES OF LOVING GRACE which is currently out of print. I obtained a copy of the book thru [sic] Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department."

It's Going Down

Magic is the color of the thing you wear
with a dragon for a button
and a lion for a lamp
with a carrot for a collar
and a salmon for a zipper.

     Hey! You're turning me on: baby.
     That's the way it's going down.

          WOW!

Albion Breakfast

For Susan

Last night (here) a long pretty girl
asked me to write a poem about Albion,
so she could put it in a black folder
that has albion printed nicely
     in white on the cover.

I said yes. She's at the store now
getting something for breakfast.
I'll surprise her with this poem
     when she gets back.

Background
Althea Susan Morgan and Brautigan first met Friday, 27 January 1967 in Isla Vista/Goleta, California, where Brautigan participated in a poetry reading at the Unicorn Book Shop. Morgan visited Brautigan in San Francisco several times and during one visit Brautigan wrote and dedicated the poem "Albion Breakfast" for Morgan. He typed, signed, and dated (24 March 1967) a copy for Morgan.

Although "albion" was often used as poetic reference to England, especially by the English Romantic poets, Morgan recalled a different genesis for this poem.

Feedback from Susan Morgan

On one of my visits to Richard at his apartment on Geary Street [probably late January], where he lived without a refrigerator, he wrote Albion Breakfast. The day before, we had been walking through the City and I had found, in the gutter, a pile of sales catalogs for high-end bathroom fixtures. I took one of the folders from the pile because it was so elegant. It said Albion on a solid black folder. I asked Richard if he would write me a poem to put in it. The next morning while I went to the grocery store to buy something to eat for breakfast he wrote the poem.
— Althea Susan Morgan. Email to John F. Barber, 4 December 2005.

Morgan lived in Santa Barbara, California, where Brautigan visited her and wrote another poem, "The Sitting Here, Standing Here Poem," for her.

Morgan and Brautigan exchanged letters about this poem and other topics.

Erik Weber photographed Brautigan and Morgan in Brautigan's Geary Street apartment in March 1967. LEARN more

Comets

There are comets
that flash through
our mouths wearing
the grace
of oceans and galaxies.

     God knows,
     we try to do the best
     we can.

There are comets
connected to chemicals
that telescope
down out tongues
to burn out against
the air.

     I know
     we do.

There are comets
that laugh at us
from behind our teeth
wearing the clothes
of fish and birds.

     We try.

First Published
Hollow Orange 4 1967, n. pg.
Published at 642 Shrader Street, San Francisco, California, by Cranium Press. Edited by Clifford Burke
String tied wrappers
Featured three poems by Brautigan: "Comets," "It's Raining in Love," and "Nine Things."

Also featured works by Keith Abbott, Bill Bathurst, Clifford Burke, Nick Chavin, Gino Clays, Zoltan Farkas, Max Finstein, Eugene Lesser, Martin MacClain, Jeff Sheppard (A poet friend of Brautigan to whom the poem "Hey! This Is What It's All About" was dedicated.), Ronald Silliman, David Tammer, David Sandberg, Patrick Nolan, and Steve Carey.

Selected Reprints
Aura Literary/Arts Review. Thunder City Press, 1977(?).
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured six poems by Brautigan: "I Lie Here in a Strange Girl's Apartment," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "After Halloween Slump," "Comets," "The Pomegranate Circus," and "Let's Voyage into the New American House"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. A publisher's note provides this context
"As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now 43 years old and the author of such books as Trout Fishing in America, The Abortion, The Hawkline Monster, Willard and His Bowling Trophies, and others. This edition of Aura Broadside Series presents selections from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace which is currently out of print. A copy of the book was obtained through Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department. "Mid-February Sky Dance" appeared previously in Thunder City Press Broadside. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free."

The Pomegranate Circus

I am desolate in dimension
circling the sky
          like a rainy bird,

wet from toe to crown
wet from bill to wing.

I feel like a drowned king
at the pomegranate circus.

I vowed last year
that I wouldn't go again
but here I sit in my usual seat,
     dripping and clapping

as the pomegranates go by
in their metallic costumes.

December 25, 1966

Selected Reprints
A First Reader of Contemporary American Poetry. Ed. Patrick Gleason. Merrill, 1969, pp. 23-26.
Included eight poems by Brautigan: "In a Cafe," "The Wheel," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Fever Monument," "Horse Race," "Our Beautiful West Coast Thing," and "The Pomegranate Circus," and "General Custer Versus the Titanic."

Aura Literary/Arts Review. Thunder City Press, 1977(?).
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured six poems by Brautigan: "I Lie Here in a Strange Girl's Apartment," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "After Halloween Slump," "Comets," "The Pomegranate Circus," and "Let's Voyage into the New American House"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. A publisher's note provides this context
"As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now 43 years old and the author of such books as Trout Fishing in America, The Abortion, The Hawkline Monster, Willard and His Bowling Trophies, and others. This edition of Aura Broadside Series presents selections from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace which is currently out of print. A copy of the book was obtained through Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department. "Mid-February Sky Dance" appeared previously in Thunder City Press Broadside. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free."

My Nose Is Growing Old

Yup.
A long lazy September look
in the mirror
says it's true:

I'm 31
and my nose is growing
     old.

It starts about
     an inch
below the bridge
and strolls geriatrically
     down
for another inch or so:
     stopping.

Fortunately, the rest
of the nose is comparatively
     young.

I wonder if girls
will want me with an
     old nose.

I can hear them now
the heartless bitches!

"He's cute
     but his nose
is old."

First Published
O'er (2) December 1966: 107-109.
8.5" x 11" mimeographed sheets of different colored construction paper; 128 pages; staple binding
Published in San Francisco, California, by Cranium Press.
Edited by David Sandberg.
First issue appeared April 1966 and was titled or #1.

Featured three poems by Brautigan: "The House," "My Nose is Growing Old," and "November 3." Each poem appeared on a separate page. In addition to Brautigan's poems, this issue also featured a full-page advertisement for The Galilee Hitch-Hiker to be published by Oar, complete with made up blurbs promoting the book.

"My Nose is Growing Old" and "November 3" were collected in All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. The poem "The House" was not included in any collection.

Also included contributions by Jack Spicer, Lew Welch, Anselm Hollo, John Sinclair, Clark Coolidge, and others.

At the California Institute of Technology

I don't care how God-damn smart
these guys are: I'm bored.

It's been raining like hell all day long
and there's nothing to do.

               Written January 24, 1967 while poet-in-residence
               at the California Institute of Technology

Background
Written during Brautigan's poet-in-residency at the California Institute of Technology, in Pasadena, California, 17-26 January 1967. Brautigan and Andrew Hoyem drove from San Francisco to Los Angeles on Sunday, 15 January 1967 in order to spend the following ten days at Cal Tech. Rain fell throughout the day, Tuesday, 24 January, and Brautigan recorded his boredom in this poem. He shared the poem with Cal Tech students during Le Grand Farewell Appearance, the following day, Wednesday, 25 January, 11:00 A.M. in the Winnett Lounge.

First Published
Totem May 1967.
Totem was CalTech's literary magazine. Brautigan spent ten days at CalTech with San Francisco poet Andrew Hoyem. They taught workshops and gave readings. LEARN more

Selected Reprints
Four Poems. Synaesthesia Press: Tempe, Arizona, 2000.
Limited Edition; 26 lettered copies; First printing Spring 2000
4.75" x 6.25"
Typeset (Souvenir typeface) and hand-printed on Somerset text by Jim Camp
Printed wrappers on Rives BFK paper; Handsewn binding
Given away to friends of the press
The remainders were marked "out of series" and sent to Ianthe Brautigan.

Reprinted four Brautigan poems from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace
"November 3"
"December 24"
"December 30"
"At the California Institute of Technology"

San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 49, December 24, 1968, pp. 8-9.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press.

Included eleven poems by Brautigan: "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "The Day they Busted the Grateful Dead," "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace," "Discovery," "At the California Institute of Technology," "Boo, Forever," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Flowerburgers Part 4," "A Baseball Game Part 7," "December 24," and "The Garlic Meat Lady."

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Your Catfish Friend

If I were to live my life
in catfish forms
in scaffolds of skin and whiskers
at the bottom of a pond
and you were to come by
     one evening
when the moon was shining
down into my dark home
and stand there at the edge
     of my affection
and think, "It's beautiful
here by this pond. I wish
     somebody loved me,"
I'd love you and be your catfish
friend and drive such lonely
thoughts from your mind
and suddenly you would be
     at peace,
and ask yourself, "I wonder
if there are any catfish
in this pond? It seems like
a perfect place for them."

Karma Repair Kit: Items 1-4

1. Get enough food to eat,
    and eat it.

2. Find a place to sleep where it is quiet,
    and sleep there.

3. Reduce intellectual activity and emotional noise
    until you arrive at the silence of yourself,
    and listen to it.

4.

First Published
The Communication Company, April 1967.
8.5" x 11" mimeographed broadside. Imprint: The Communication Company U.P.S. The UPS logo indicated association with the Underground Press Syndicate.

Kaye Confini, Brautigan's girlfriend, assisted with the production of this broadside. Information about this poem at the Digger Archives website.

Reported Variants
Two versions reported: a red bones version and a gray bones version. Other reported variants include text printed in lavender with no background design.

Red bones version
Text printed in black over a background of red anatomical drawings of human bones.

Gray bones version
Text printed in black over background of gray anatomical drawings of human bones.

Selected Reprints

"Three Poems." London Magazine, Nov. 1970, p. 65.
Featured three poems by Brautigan: "The Wheel," "Horse Race," and "Karma Repair Kit: Items 1-4."

Also included work by Robert Lowell, Ronald Hayman, Minos Argyakis, Christine Broke-Rose, G. S. Sharat Chandra, William Sanson, Nirad Chaudhuri, Geoffrey Grigson, William Feaver, John Elsom, and Tony Harrison.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

I like to think (and
the sooner the better!)
of a cybernetic meadow
where mammals and computers
live together in mutually
programming harmony
like pure water
touching clear sky.

I like to think
     (right now please!)
of a cybernetic forest
filled with pines and electronics
where deer stroll peacefully
past computers
as if they were flowers
with spinning blossoms.

I like to think
     (it has to be!)
of a cybernetic ecology
where we are free of our labors
and joined back to nature,
returned to our mammal
brothers and sisters,
and all watched over
by machines of loving grace.

First Published
The Communication Company, 1967.
8.5" x 11" mimeographed broadside with hand-lettered title and imprint (Communication Company). All else type-written.

Reported Variants
Two variants, or issues, probably because all copies of the first version were given away prompting Brautigan to return for more, according to Claude Hayward, co-founder of the Communcation Company

Feedback from Claude Hayward

The stencil [used to print the first issue] might have gotten lost or trashed in the chaos [of daily operations] and we redid the whole thing. . . . Although it was possible to reuse a stencil, it rarely happened, and I remember that we had even gotten the special folders that were supposed to preserve the stencils so they could be reused. But it never seemed to work right. We must have just recreated the whole thing over again, right down to retyping the copy, because [Brautigan] had given every copy away and there was nothing to scan with the Gestefax.
— Claude Hayward. Email to John F. Barber, 19 Dec. 2003.

Hayward probably hand-lettered the stencils and printed each issue. Allegedly Kaye Confini, Brautigan's girlfriend, assisted with the production of at least one of these broadsides.

First issue: The "loudspeaker" version.
Paper shows faintly "LOUDSPEAKER CURRENT" and electric schematics. Published in 1967.

Second issue: The "computer" version.
Bold hand-drawn illustrations of small animals and a picture of a computer bank. Published in 1967.

Feedback from Claude Hayward

For some reason the animals bring to mind Alan Gorden, a very young man, a protege of Chester Anderson who stayed at the Duboce house. I think those are his animals.
— Claude Hayward. Email to John F. Barber, 19 Dec. 2003.

Selected Reprints
The Digger Papers. August 1968, p. 11.
A 24-page phamphlet compilation of previous Digger publications. Edited by Paul Krassner.
Included Brautigan's poem and work by others. Brautigan admired the Diggers, a San Francisco counter-culture group, for their free services to the needy and "gave" them this poem, which they reproduced and distributed throughout the city. Information about this poem at the Digger Archives website. LEARN more

San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 49, December 24, 1968: 8-9.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press.

Included eleven poems by Brautigan: "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "The Day they Busted the Grateful Dead," "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace," "Discovery," "At the California Institute of Technology," "Boo, Forever," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Flowerburgers Part 4," "A Baseball Game Part 7," "December 24," and "The Garlic Meat Lady."

Shannon, L. R. "The Promise, the Reality and the Hope." New York Times, 8 December 1987, p. 27.
Discusses the possibilities of the personal computer from the perspective of the late 1970s saying, "it was a poetic vision, particularly as expressed by Richard Brautigan. . . ."

Sun, vol. 9, no. 7 August 1968.
Five unbound 8.5" x 11" sheets, folded for mailing.
Published at 1510 Hill Street in Ann Arbor, Michigan. A John Sinclair Trans-Love Energies publication.

Included two poems by Brautigan: "Mouths That Kissed in the Hot Ashes of Pompeii" (source credited as "in the San Francisco Express Times"; 1(27) July 24, 1968: 7) and "All Watched over by Machines of Loving Grace" (source credited as "in the digger papers").

Also included work by Jack Kerouac and David Sinclair and news about the "long-awaited Youth International Party (YIPPIE) Festival of Life" which occurred 25-30 August 1968, simultaneously with the YIPPIE festival Democratic National Convention, both in Chicago, Illinois.

The Thunder City Press Broadside Series, No. 5 Richard Brautigan 8 Poems. Thunder City Press, February 1976.
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured eight poems by Brautigan: "December 24," "Milk for the Duck," "Star Hole," "Love Poem," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Hollywood," "All Watched Over by Machine of Loving Grace," and "Nine Things"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Publisher's note provided context
"THE THUNDER CITY PRESS BROADSIDE SERIES is published six times a year by Steven Ford Brown. Subscriptions are $1.00 per year. For information write 2008 Magnolia Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35205. Published in a special editon of 500 February 1976. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free.

As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now forty-one years old and the author of such books as TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA, THE ABORTION, THE HAWKLINE MONSTER and his most recent WILLARD AND HIS BOWLING TROPHIES. This edition of the Broadside Series presents selections from ALL WATCHED OVER BY MACHINES OF LOVING GRACE which is currently out of print. I obtained a copy of the book thru [sic] Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department."

TriQuarterly no. 11, (Winter) 1968, p. 194.
Published in Evanston, Illinois.

The Ways of the Poem. Ed. Josephine Miles. Prentice Hall, 1972, pp. 376-377.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Connections
Gangeware, Robert J. Editor. "All Watched over by Machines of Loving Grace." The Exploited Eden: Literature on the American Environment. Harper and Row, 1972, p. 376.
Included the following introduction, "American poets seldom portray the happy marriage of technology and the natural world. Thus the optimism of the following poem is somewhat unique—unless the reader detects irony, in which case the poem joins the mainstream of antitechnological American verse."

New York State Regents Exams Comprehensive English Test
Wednesday, 19 June 2002, 9:15—12:15 AM.

Brautigan's poem, All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace, was included in this exam. Instructions read, "After you have read the passages and answered the multiple-choice questions, write a unified essay about the coexistence of humans and computers as revealed in the passages. In your essay, use ideas from both passages to establish a controlling idea about the coexistence of humans and computers. Using evidence from each passage, develop your controlling idea and show how the author uses specific literary elements or techniques to convey that idea."

Four questions, with multiple choice answers related to the poem were provided. The questions and their answers (emphasis) were:

1. What does the speaker suggest about the relationship between mammals and computers in cybernetic meadow?
(1) They influence each other in positive ways.
(2) They compete with each other for domination.
(3) They are unaware of each other's existence.
(4) They tend to avoid each other.

2. In lines 9 through 16, the poet uses images of both
(1) past and present
(2) nature and technology
(3) death and eternity
(4) age and youth

3. The expressions in parentheses (lines 1 and 2, 10, and 18) convey a sense of
(1) eagerness
(2) anger
(3) loneliness
(4) curiosity

4. The speaker implies that, in a cybernetic ecology, machines will have a role as
(1) artists
(2) commanders
(3) guardians
(4) jailers

Charles Perry, commenting on the debate over technology, says, "The "robots will do all the work" vision of utopia was certainly widesread, the subject for instance of Richard Brautigan's famous poem, 'All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace' and one of the recurring ideas in the Leary-Snyder debate in Oracle No. 7."
The Haight-Ashbury. A History. Rolling Stone Press, 1984, p. 261.

A Good-Talking Candle

I had a good-talking candle
last night in my bedroom.

I was very tired but I wanted
somebody to be with me,
     so I lit a candle

and listened to its comfortable
voice of light until I was asleep.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one.
LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Nine Things

It's night

and a numbered beauty
lapses at the wind,

chortles with the
branches of a tree,

     giggles,

plays shadow dance
with a dead kite,

cajoles affection
from falling leaves,

and knows four
other things.

One is the color
of your hair.

First Published
Hollow Orange, no. 4, 1967, n. pg.
Published at 642 Shrader Street, San Francisco, California, by Cranium Press
Edited by Clifford Burke
String tied wrappers

Featured three poems by Brautigan: "Comets," "It's Raining in Love," and "Nine Things."

Also featured works by Keith Abbott, Bill Bathurst, Clifford Burke, Nick Chavin, Gino Clays, Zoltan Farkas, Max Finstein, Eugene Lesser, Martin MacClain, Jeff Sheppard (A poet friend of Brautigan to whom the poem "Hey! This Is What It's All About" was dedicated.), Ronald Silliman, David Tammer, David Sandberg, Patrick Nolan, and Steve Carey.

Selected Reprints
The Thunder City Press Broadside Series, No. 5 Richard Brautigan 8 Poems. Thunder City Press, February 1976.
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured eight poems by Brautigan: "December 24," "Milk for the Duck," "Star Hole," "Love Poem," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Hollywood," "All Watched Over by Machine of Loving Grace," and "Nine Things"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. Publisher's note provided context
"THE THUNDER CITY PRESS BROADSIDE SERIES is published six times a year by Steven Ford Brown. Subscriptions are $1.00 per year. For information write 2008 Magnolia Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35205. Published in a special editon of 500 February 1976. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free.

As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now forty-one years old and the author of such books as TROUT FISHING IN AMERICA, THE ABORTION, THE HAWKLINE MONSTER and his most recent WILLARD AND HIS BOWLING TROPHIES. This edition of the Broadside Series presents selections from ALL WATCHED OVER BY MACHINES OF LOVING GRACE which is currently out of print. I obtained a copy of the book thru [sic] Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department."

A Lady

Her face grips at her mouth
like a leaf to a tree
or a tire to a highway
or a spoon to a bowl of soup.

She just can't let go
     with a smile,
     the poor dear.

No matter what happens
her face is always a maple tree
     Highway 101
     tomato.

Textual References
"Highway 101": Also known as the Pacific Coast Highway, which runs along the coast from Seattle, Washington, to Los Angeles, Californina.

Let's Voyage into the New American House

There are doors
that want to be free
from their hinges to
fly with perfect clouds.

There are windows
that want to be
released from their
frames to run with
the deer through
back country meadows.

There are walls
that want to prowl
with the mountains
through the early
morning dusk.

There are floors
that want to digest
their furniture into
flowers and trees.

There are roofs
that want to travel
gracefully with
the stars through
circles of darkness.

Selected Reprints
Aura Literary/Arts Review. Thunder City Press, 1977(?).
11" x 17" broadside.
Featured six poems by Brautigan: "I Lie Here in a Strange Girl's Apartment," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "After Halloween Slump," "Comets," "The Pomegranate Circus," and "Let's Voyage into the New American House"—all from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. A publisher's note provides this context
"As he has for a number of years, Richard Brautigan goes on living and writing in San Francisco. He is now 43 years old and the author of such books as Trout Fishing in America, The Abortion, The Hawkline Monster, Willard and His Bowling Trophies, and others. This edition of Aura Broadside Series presents selections from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace which is currently out of print. A copy of the book was obtained through Jan Susina, a graduate student at the University of Indiana, where they have a Rare Books Department. "Mid-February Sky Dance" appeared previously in Thunder City Press Broadside. Permission is granted to reprint any of these poems in magazines, books, and newspapers if they are given away free."

Dugdale, Anthony. "Romantic Renegades." Architectural Design, vol. 48, no. 7, 1978, pp. 444-46.

Close

Reviews

Reviews for All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace are detailed below. See also reviews of Brautigan's collected works, and General Reviews for commentary about Brautigan's work and his place in American literature.

Bokinsky, Caroline J. "Richard Brautigan." Dictionary of Literary Biography. Vol. 5: American Poets Since World War II. Ed. Donald J. Greiner. Gale Research Company, 1980, pp. 96-99.
Critical comments on The Return of the Rivers, The Galilee Hitch-Hiker, Lay the Marble Tea, The Octopus Frontier, All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace, The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, Rommel Drives on Deep into Egypt, Loading Mercury with a Pitchfork, and June 30th, June 30th. Also provides some biographical and bibliographical information. Says All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace "provides a transition to the collection that was to become his most popular and was to establish his position as a poet," The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster. READ this review.

Hirschman, Jack. "Five Poets." Poetry, July 1968, pp. 274-275.
Briefly reviews five poetry collections: Days, or Days as Thoughts in a Season's Uncertainties by Samuel Charters, The Difference Between by Christine La Belle, Apocalypse Rose by Charles Plymell, Burning Snake by Charles Posts, and Brautigan's All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace.

The full text of the reference to Brautigan reads, "Richard Brautigan's book, published and given away free by the Digger-inspired Communication Company of San Francisco, is made up of shyly simple moments out of a California Einstein continuum that has already EMC-squared itself into the bliss of being just what it is. The nice things about these poems is that you can sit down at breakfast with them, flip open the top of your Adohr milk container, and enjoy them the way you might the ball scores or the latest lousy news from the front. Content in your simple conservative beinghood, because you've already been so damned malcontent with the war, it has passed overhead or under the table like so much ramadam. Brautigan writes simply, awkwardly like the words stumbling out of the corner of his mouth or with his chin on the tabletop. The craft harks back to [Kenneth] Patchen, which is to say: hello, I'm expressing myself and that's IT. Californians will recognize the book as part of its particular genius just because. 'I think I'll get up / and dance around the room. / Here I go!' I hope you like it too."

Lock, Beth. All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace. MyMac.com, 2 Nov. 1999.
Connects Brautigan and his notion of "cybernetic ecology"—see the poem "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace"—to the joy she feels from using her Macintosh computer. READ this review.

Nambisan, Vijay. "Pines and Cybernetics." The Hindu, 4 June 2000, p. 1.
Reviews the poem "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace" from which the volume takes its title. Says this poem, like all Brautigan's work, is subversive of the existing order.

The full text of this review reads, "This poem, [rare] for him [Brautigan], expresses an idea explicitly. . . . Its vision of a computer-controlled world, though ahead of its time, was not new: it had long been anticipated in science-fiction. But the point is that his vision is, like all his work, subsersive of the existing order.

"Brautigan sees a world in which all our work is done by computers, so that we can re-establish a communion with nature: senses, emotions, a fellowship with other living things. Neither computers nor humans attempt to dominate the other. They watch over us, we accept them. Now, of course, computers are exclusively an extension of human power. The idea that we will ever be in their care implies that we will be in their power and is repugnant to us. Brautigan's vision is of a harmony which includes love; the modern vision is not. . . .

"You cannot write a poem like this today. It is too childlike, too innocent. Indeed, college friends who were moved by Brautigan's work twenty years ago would now laugh at me for choosing it. That's more or less what happened to Brautigan. Reagan's get-rich-quick regime destroyed his dream of America, he lost his audience, and killed himself at the age of 49."

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